Why Everyone Should Care About China’s Economic Policy Reform

Some speculate that China is heading for a financial crisis. I spent a big chunk of my college and law school education studying China’s economy and legal infrastructure and I believe a financial crisis is almost certain if the CCP doesn’t adjust its economic policy. The McKinsey report on “Capturing China’s $5 Trillion Productivity Opportunity” presents the most compelling solution I’ve seen–namely shifting from an investment economy to a productivity-led economy.
Sounds like a great solution right? But this article doesn’t touch on what shifting to a productivity-led economy would entail. Coincidentally, if I combine my college thesis (written in 2002) which was a prescription for Chinese economic policy reform and my law school dissertation (written in 2005) on the legal implications of economic policy reform in China we can piece together a very general picture of what preventing a financial crisis in China would entail.
It would entail a complete overhaul of China’s legal infrastructure in order to:
1. Unravel state-owned entities, letting them fail and focus on the private sector;
2. Increase transparency in the capital markets and change listing and reporting requirements etc. to allow the capital markets self-adjust in the wake;
3. Procedure in the court systems would have to be changed in order to allow for fair and unbiased dispute resolutions;
4. Abolish the Hukou system which controls where people are allowed to live in order to allow individuals to migrate to areas where jobs are created;
5. Lift of censorship to embrace digital technologies for efficiency and scale and allow for education and innovation; and
6. So much more that I can’t even begin to delve into.
Due to the sheer size and magnitude of China’s population, globalization and the digitization of our world, every shift in China’s economic policy will have a reverberating impact on our global economy. This is why no investor, business or brand can ignore China–it impacts us all.

Swoonery, a New Way to Buy Designer Jewelry Online

Over the course of my career as a designer and jewelry industry professional working directly with clients I realized how difficult it is for people to buy designer jewelry online. If you do perform a Google search the results you get are depressing. Everything looks the same and generally, the quality of the pieces are all over the place. It’s hard to find fine jewelry that speaks to you and reflects your style.

Brick and mortar jewelry experiences are hardly any better. People walk into a jewelry store and the styles are outdated, the selection is limited and stores rarely have a full range of sizes because the cost of maintaining so much inventory is insanely high.

There are additional reasons that contribute to the difficulty of buying fine jewelry. Over 60% of fine jewelry purchases are gifts but because jewelry is such a personal expression, it’s really hard to choose jewelry for someone else. I am certain that during the course of your lifetime you’ve either received a piece of jewelry and pretended to like it so as not to hurt the giver’s feelings or bought a piece of jewelry for someone else and wondered why the recipient never wears it. In the case of engagement rings, how do you find someone’s ring size without blowing the surprise? Did you know that 95% of engagements are delayed because he doesn’t know your ring size? And here all along we thought it was a commitment issue! Poor guys!

As far as the brands and designers go, the jewelry industry is broken. The current system is inefficient, competitive and places all the financial risk on the designers. Most retailers operate on a consignment model which means the designers have to pay for all their materials up front and commit it to the retailer and they only get paid once the pieces sell. Many designers take out loans in order to fulfill consignment orders and then when pieces don’t sell the retailers return it to them and the designers are stuck with the excess inventory that they then have to sell at a discount–a practice that damages their brand equity. Add to that the financial burdens of marketing and advertising which designers have no choice but to take on in order to get their name out there and it is no wonder designers are struggling to survive. The truth is that smaller designers with unique products and attention to craftsmanship will never be able to compete with the budgets of the larger brands and retailers and as a result they cannot break through the noise and don’t end up connecting with the right consumers.

All this creates a downward spiral and results in consumers feeling frustrated with the generic selection of low quality jewelry flooding the internet and the overwhelming, inconvenient experience when one tries to buy designer jewelry online. In addition, the pressures from the industry forces designers to sell out by using cheaper materials and manufacturing processes in order to survive. The integrity and the human connection of fine jewelry is lost.

This is what inspired me to create Swoonery. It is the first luxury marketplace for designer fine jewelry that gets to know each individual and guides him or her through a shopping experience that adjusts for every interaction. We make it possible for customers to discover the perfect piece of jewelry for their aesthetic and makes the process of buying gifts for someone else easy by connecting you with your friends and allowing you to see what they’ve saved in their Hint Lists and what’s been recommended for them.

Ring sizes are stored in each customer’s account so whether you’re buying for yourself or for someone else, you now know the ring size. Swoonery offers all our designers’ rings in a comprehensive range of sizes and you even have the option of placing a special order if you need a special fit.

We help our designers gain exposure to customers they wouldn’t otherwise have access to by recommending products that are suited to the tastes of each individual and reduce the burden of inventory through our drop ship program.

Swoonery is my labor of love and I hope it opens up a beautiful world of unique, expertly crafted, fine jewelry for our customers and provides a support for all the visionary designers and brands out there to showcase the integrity of their work.

Swoonery, a New Way to Buy Designer Jewelry Online

Here is a promo code for 10% off from yours truly. Go and experience a new way to buy designer jewelry online; feel understood, and please let me know how your experience was in the comments section below.

Big Kiss and Bigger Diamonds,



The Not-So-Obvious Way that Fashion Has Impacted the Jewelry Industry

Whenever I see a company buck the status quo and take a calculated risk that actually makes sense in the context of the current market, my belief in mankind is reinforced and I thank goodness for Darwinian instincts. Burberry just announced that it is veering away from the insane Fashion Week schedule and instead combining men and women’s runway shows together into two annual events. This is streamlined approach is a reaction to the unsustainable fashion week schedule that has resulted in the burnout of brilliant creative minds such as Raf Simmons, John Galliano and Alber Elbaz. I believe that other fashion houses will quickly follow suit because this non-seasonal approach both reflects current consumer behavior and relieves quite a bit of financial strain and waste in the industry. I am cautiously optimistic that this sudden wash of sanity over the fashion industry will have a positive affect on jewelry designers and the jewelry industry as well.

In recent years, due to the prevalence of e-commerce and digital media, the jewelry industry has realized that branding is crucial to a company’s survival. In this new and exciting digital world we live in no one will find you without a brand presence. As the jewelry industry is moving away from the unbranded mom and pop model to one where brands rule, jewelry designers now have to show during fashion weeks in addition to the traditional jewelry show circuit and their own trunk shows for their private clients twice a year. Is it any wonder that more and more jewelry companies are finding this landscape unmanageable and struggling to survive?

In addition to the physical and mental strain designers are facing, the pressure from multi-category fashion retailers to create collections on the fashion schedule are placing a huge financial burden on jewelry designers as well. I’ve always been quite vocal about my disagreement with this approach. Fine jewelry is much more capital-intensive than fashion and it is absolutely absurd to expect jewelry designers to come up with two or three collections a year. It puts a huge financial strain on designers and when the pieces don’t sell because of their higher price points it is the designers who suffer. Fashion retailers bear none of the financial risk because they take all the jewelry on consignment need only return the jewelry to the designers to wash their hand of the inventory.

The designers on the other hand are caught in a vicious downward spiral because they are now stuck with “last season’s” inventory that no one thinks is relevant anymore. They then have to offload the inventory somewhere either by discounting or selling to a secondary market like Gilt or outlet malls. Once a brand’s discounted jewelry floods the market its brand equity will suffer and it is unlikely that the brand will ever be able to regain the luxury cache it once had. In order to maintain margins and survive they have no choice but to start cutting costs, using lower quality materials and manufacturing and before long brand is a shell of its former self with little integrity or pride in its product remaining.

What is the solution then? Taking cue from Burberry’s brave decision to do the sensical thing is a step in the right direction. Designers should review their business models and retail relationships and ask whether those arrangements make sense for their business after reviewing the long-term financial costs of working with certain retailers. Seek out partners who are willing to have aligned interests, have shared values and are structured in ways that will support growth and build brand equity.

This has been our mission at Swoonery and the designers who work with us agree. There is no feeling like hearing from our brands that they finally feel that a retailer is on their side and building with them rather than at their expense. It is my hope that by lifting much of the financial risk off our brands’ shoulders and creating win-win situations for everyone at each stage we will recreate the jewelry industry into one that is beautifully efficient–one where unique aesthetics abound, quality and integrity in craftsmanship can shine and people can once again discover and develop personal connections to fine jewelry in a meaningful way.

Big Kiss and Bigger Diamonds,


The Journey of Female Entrepreneurs

Around October of 2014 I decided to embark on a journey that would forever change my life. Up until that point I spent six years working as a corporate lawyer on venture capital, private equity, and mergers and acquisitions transactions in NYC and Shanghai; fell in love with startups and started investing in them in 2008; then left my career in law to help Jewelry Tyrant Daddy grow his high-end jewelry manufacturing business; started my own jewelry atelier; and was pretty much in a good place because I was learning, growing, and enjoying my work. However, I knew that I was just getting started. I loved working with clients to design bespoke jewelry that reflected each of their individual aesthetics and continued to try to grow my atelier but I kept seeing the same points of friction frustrating my clients in the jewelry buying process and the same inefficiencies were holding back my company from growing. So I committed to doing something about it. I decided to take everything I learned about technology, venture capital, investing in startups, and the vertical fine jewelry pipeline and build a startup that would solve both the problems that clients face when they are trying to buy jewelry and the inefficiencies that designers and brands are burdened with when trying to build and scale their jewelry businesses–I would build my own jewelry technology startup.

This blog has always been about baubles, bling, and banter and I grappled with whether or not I should expand its scope to include my life as a startup founder and female entrepreneur. Starting up a tech company for the first time is scary enough as it is and I have so very much to learn along the way. Not only do I have to come up with a solid concept for a business, I also have to build a team that has the necessary skill set to help me develop the product and build the business, figure out how to fund my startup, create a company culture that will allow my team to feel supported in order to actualize on their potential, manage my investors, put out fires (and boy will there will be fires…), live a well-rounded balanced life, and stay sane in the process. Most startups fail. Most never see the light of day. So this begs the question: Why the hell would I blog about my process of building a startup and risk failing publicly for all the world to see?

Everyone has been buzzing about female entrepreneurs these past few years. There have been countless articles on the rise of the female entrepreneur, debate over what Silicon Valley thinks of women (scroll down in the comments section of the Newsweek article to read my response–I was miffed), a growing movement around teaching women how to become entrepreneurs and how to invest, creation of resources for women founders to find funding, etc. But here is the thing, of all the resources out there and the success stories that are newly trickling in, I think there is value in a female founder putting herself out there and going through the process publicly so that other girls, women and even dudes can follow along; because as Chelsea Clinton said at the Lincoln Center Women in Philanthropy and Female Leadership Breakfast, “It is hard for us to envision what we cannot see.” So if my posts make it less scary for even one woman or girl somewhere out there to make the leap and start her own company, then whatever consequences I face as a result of undergoing this process publicly will have been worth it.

I intend to write as accurately as I can and as often as I can about the things I have to learn in order to build a tech startup and take it to launch and beyond, post links to resources that I have found helpful, hash out my decision-making processes, and be as honest as possible about the emotions and the ups and downs that I encounter along the way. This is not an arrogant attempt to show the world how it’s done. Let’s be honest, I have no idea how it’s done because I’ve never done it before and every day I encounter something new that I know nothing about and have to get up to speed ASAP. This is me, your ever-quirky and often ridiculous Bling Fairy going about my business and blogging about it so that others can witness the process. There will be times when I am wrong and there will be times that I’m killing it, but it is my hope that by writing about my experiences as I encounter them and doing it publicly not only will I learn from the process as I look back on it but someone else out there will find value in it too. So here we go…

Big Kiss and Bigger Diamonds,


Are Irradiated Diamonds and Gems Safe to Wear?

Fancy colored diamonds have blown up in recent years.  Natural (meaning completely untreated) fancy blue, pink, red, and green diamonds have been hitting record highs at auction.  A 9.75 carat fancy blue pear-shaped diamond sold for US$32,645,000 (or US$3,348,205 per carat) this past November from the collection of Mrs. Paul Mellon at Sotheby’s; and in October, an 8.41-carat internally flawless pink diamond sold for nearly $17.8 million at the Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels sale in Hong Kong.  Now, for those of us civilians who don’t have ten or twenty million bucks sloshing around in our jewelry budget to throw down on fancy-colored natural diamonds, many jewelers and diamond companies are turning to irradiated diamonds and gems as an affordable alternative for consumers.

Are Irradiated Diamonds and Gems Safe to Wear?

9.75 carat fancy blue natural diamond from the collection of Mrs. Paul Mellon.Are Irradiated Diamonds and Gems Safe to Wear?

8.41 carat, internally flawless fancy pink natural diamond.

Irradiation is a process whereby radiation is used to alter a diamond or gem’s crystal lattice thereby creating color centers and changing the color of the gem.  Diamonds are irradiated to product fancy blue, green, or black diamonds and the diamond can further be annealed to produce yellow, brown, orange, or pink colors.  There are four ways diamonds are irradiated these days, all four involve bombarding a part of the atoms (protons, neutrons, electrons, or gamma rays) with radiation to change the diamond’s crystal lattice.  The most common gemstones to undergo irradiation as a form of color treatment are topaz (irradiated to become blue), quartz (irradiated to become amethyst), colorless beryl (irradiated to become golden beryl or heliodore) and pearls (to become a grey-blue or black).

We’ve all heard about the terrible effects of radiation on living things.  Long-term, low-level radiation has been shown to result in cancer and genetic mutations according to the EPA yet, humans undergo radiation therapy as a form of cancer treatment as well.  So how does this relate to jewelry?  Are irradiated diamonds and gems safe to wear?

Once a stone’s crystal lattice has been altered, the atoms are unstable and emit radiation.  Over time, the unstable atom decays and eventually becomes stable, this is called radioactive decay.  The decay of radioactive elements happens at a fixed rate and the amount of time it takes for a radioisotope to decay depends on the radioactive element.  Radioactive half-life is the time it takes for half of the unstable material to degrade into a stable material.  Cobalt 60 (Co-60), a common radioisotope that is used to produce fancy color irradiated diamonds.  It has a half-life of 5 years–which means you have to set it aside for five years for half of the unstable material to become stable.  But it sometimes takes several cycles in order for the radiation to reach low enough levels that are considered “safe” for humans–it all depends on how much radiation the gem is exposed to in the first place and what levels are considered “safe.”

Are Irradiated Diamonds and Gems Safe to Wear?

4k White Gold Earrings, Treated Pink Diamond Stud Earrings (2 ct. t.w.); available here.

So who is checking to make sure these irradiated diamonds and gems are within acceptable levels?  The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates the distribution of irradiated diamonds and irradiated gems.  The NRC requires the stones to be set aside for a couple of months to allow any radioactivity to decay and distributors must conduct radiological surveys before selling any of the treated stones on the market.  While I am happy someone is attempting to regulate this, I am still a bit skeptical about how strictly the NRC enforces its requirements and it is unclear as to how stringent the NRC is about requiring diamond distributors to have a license.

Naturally, I am not a nuclear physicist so my opinion should not be taken as scientific fact.  However, given what I know about the jewelry industry and the possible dangers of prolonged radiation exposure would I wear irradiated diamonds and gems?  Irradiated gems, definitely not because they are a bit too accessible.  However, when it comes to irradiated diamonds…  I was trolling the AGTA booths yesterday during the Tucson Gem Show sourcing precious gems for private clients and sussing out new developments in gem cutting when I happened upon a swoon-worthy necklace made of irradiated blue diamond beads.  I will admit that I was about to throw down some cold hard cash and walk out with that baby glistening around my throat; but knowing what I know about the treatment process I thought I would sleep on it before making a purchase.  So my final verdict?  Would I wear irradiated diamonds?  Nope.  Especially not every day around my neck where many important glands reside.  However, the very instant I have ten or twenty million to throw down on a large natural fancy blue or pink diamond, you better believe I will be living, breathing and sleeping in that thing twenty-four-seven!

Big Kiss and Bigger Diamonds,